Here in the United States, employers are required by state and federal laws to provide a safe working environment for their employees. Failing to do so, as you can probably imagine, can lead to workplace accidents that can result in injuries or even death. It's out of concern for workers' lives and wellbeing that the federal government created OSHA, which ensures employers adhere to the law.
On top of enforcing workplace safety laws, OSHA, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, also issues recommendations to employers on ways to decrease the likelihood of injury while on the job. One way OSHA does this is through the National Emphasis Program on Amputations, which has been in existence since 2006 and targets employers in industries where a large number of amputations occur.
As a news release by OSHA explains, amputations are common in industries with high exposure to machinery and/or equipment that is either unguarded or at best, inadequately guarded. Manufacturing jobs are perhaps the most likely environments where this would be the case. In fact, in 2013, the rate of amputations in the manufacturing sector was more than double that of the entire private industry combined.
Because serious injuries in the workplace, whether they are an amputation or something less serious, are preventable, it's important for employers to be aware of an employee's risk of being exposed to unsafe working environments and to remedy safety hazards before they lead to accidents. That's because some injuries can very easily lead to permanent disabilities that could leave a person unable to work and in need of disability benefits through the Social Security Administration.